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Amashanyarazi

Reka dutangire byoroshye.Gukingira ni iki?Ikoreshwa he kandi igamije iki?Nk’uko Merriam Webster abitangaza ngo gukingura bisobanurwa ngo "gutandukanya imibiri hakoreshejwe imiyoboro idakoreshwa kugira ngo hatabaho amashanyarazi, ubushyuhe cyangwa amajwi."Gukoresha insulasiyo bikoreshwa ahantu hatandukanye, uhereye kumirasire yijimye kurukuta rwurugo rushya kugeza ikoti yimyenda kuri kabili.Ku bitureba, kubika ni impapuro zitandukanya umuringa nicyuma muri moteri yamashanyarazi.

Moteri nyinshi zamashanyarazi zigizwe nibice byometseho ibyuma bikora moteri ihagaze.Iyi nkingi izwi nka stator.Iyo stator yibanze noneho ikanda-muri casting cyangwa amazu akozwe muri aluminium cyangwa ibyuma bizunguruka.Icyuma cya kashe ya kashe ifite aho ushyiramo insinga ya magneti hamwe na insulasiyo, bakunze kwita insulasiyo.Ibicuruzwa byubwoko bwimpapuro nka Nomex, NMN, DMD, TufQUIN, cyangwa Elan-Film yaciwe mubugari n'uburebure bukwiye hanyuma yinjizwamo nka insulation mumwanya.Ibi bitegura umwanya kugirango insinga ya magneti ishyirwe.Iyo ibibanza byose bimaze gukingirwa, ibishishwa birashobora gushirwa.Buri mpera ya coil yinjijwe mumwanya;imigozi ishyirwa hejuru yinsinga ya magneti kugirango izenguruke hejuru yumurongo wa rukuruzi.RebaIgishushanyo 1.
Electrical insulation for motor

 

Intego yiki kibanza hamwe nudukingirizo ni ukurinda umuringa gukora ku cyuma no kugifata mumwanya.Niba insinga ya rukuruzi y'umuringa ihuye nicyuma, umuringa uzahindura uruziga.Guhinduranya umuringa byahindura sisitemu, kandi bizahagarara.Moteri ihagaze igomba kwamburwa no kongera kubakwa kugirango yongere gukoreshwa.

Intambwe ikurikira muriyi nzira ni ugukingira ibyiciro.Umuvuduko nigice cyingenzi cyibice.Igipimo cyimiturire ya voltage ni 125 Volts, mugihe 220 Volts ni voltage yumye murugo.Umuvuduko yombi winjira murugo ni icyiciro kimwe.Izi ni ebyiri gusa muri voltage nyinshi zitandukanye zikoreshwa mumashanyarazi.Insinga ebyiri zirema voltage imwe.Imwe mu nsinga ifite imbaraga zinyuramo, indi ikorera hasi sisitemu.Muri moteri yibice bitatu cyangwa polifase, insinga zose zifite imbaraga.Bimwe mumashanyarazi yibanze akoreshwa mumashini yibikoresho byamashanyarazi yibice bitatu ni 208v, 220v, 460v, 575v, 950v, 2300v, 4160v, 7.5kv, na 13.8kv.

Iyo moteri ihinduranya ibyiciro bitatu, guhinduranya bigomba gutandukana kumpera yanyuma nkuko ibishishwa bishyizwe.Impera ihindukira cyangwa imitwe ya coil ni uduce kumpera ya moteri aho insinga ya magneti isohoka mukibanza ikongera ikinjira.Ibyiciro byokwirinda bikoreshwa mukurinda ibyo byiciro.Icyiciro cya insulasiyo gishobora kuba ibicuruzwa byubwoko busa nibikoreshwa mumwanya, cyangwa birashobora kuba imyenda yo mu bwoko bwa varish, bizwi kandi nkibikoresho bya thermal H.Ibi bikoresho birashobora kugira ibifatika cyangwa bifite umukungugu wa mika yoroheje kugirango birinde kwizirikaho.Ibicuruzwa bikoreshwa kugirango ibyiciro bitandukanye bidakoraho.Niba iyi myenda yo gukingira idashyizwe mubikorwa kandi ibyiciro bikoraho utabishaka, impinduka yo guhinduka ibaho, kandi moteri igomba kongera kubakwa.

Iyo insimburangingo zimaze kwinjizwa, hashyizwemo insinga za rukuruzi, kandi ibyiciro bitandukanya ibice, moteri irakingirwa.Inzira ikurikira nuguhuza impera zanyuma.Ubushyuhe-bugabanuka polyester lacing kaseti mubusanzwe irangiza iki gikorwa mukurinda insinga na feri itandukanya hagati yimpera zanyuma.Umurongo umaze kurangira, moteri izaba yiteguye kuzunguruka.Gutandukanya no gushushanya umutwe wa coil kugirango uhuze imbere yinzogera yanyuma.Mubihe byinshi, umutwe wa coil ugomba gukomera cyane kugirango wirinde guhura ninzogera yanyuma.Ubushuhe bushobora kugabanuka bifasha gufata insinga mu mwanya.Iyo bimaze gushyuha, biragabanuka kugirango bibe umurunga ukomeye kumutwe wa coil kandi bigabanya amahirwe yo kugenda.

Mugihe iyi nzira ikubiyemo ibyingenzi byo gukumira moteri yamashanyarazi, ni ngombwa kwibuka buri moteri itandukanye.Mubisanzwe, moteri nyinshi zirimo zifite ibyangombwa byihariye byo gushushanya kandi bikenera inzira yihariye.Sura igice cyibikoresho byamashanyarazi kugirango ubone ibintu byavuzwe muriki kiganiro nibindi byinshi!

Bifitanye isano n'amashanyarazi Ibikoresho bya moteri

flexible composite insulation paper


Igihe cyo kohereza: Jun-01-2022